The firm, pink tissue in a person’s mouth indicates a healthy, well-maintained gum. On the contrary, swollen and bleeding gums are a result of unhealthy oral hygiene habits. Lack of dental care is still common today, albeit dental awareness that most people have. But, some countries may lack access to dental supplies or help from a professional. Nevertheless, a dentistry expert needs to continue providing quality oral health services. You can also browse to check how your dentist can save your enamel and dentin from decay. Gingivitis plays a vital role in alerting patients with early symptoms of complications from inflamed, swollen, and bleeding gums. 


Symptoms Of A Dental Disease

Have you noticed a foul taste on your mouth this morning? If yes, then you may have some of the early signs of a gum problem. Cavities, hard tartar, and plaque are visible, but what about symptoms that can show when the disease becomes worse. Don’t wait for your gums to recede and start visiting a dental professional regularly. Don’t neglect the risk factors of a dental disease too. If you are an HIV/AIDS patient, have leukemia, diabetes, or 65 years or older, add extra effort in your dental care. 

  • Gum receding
  • Bad breath/metallic or acidic taste in the mouth
  • High fever
  • Severe migraine
  • Head and neck pain
  • Ear pain/earaches
  • Toothaches
  • Gum clenching
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Tooth grinding
  • Tenderness in red gums
  • Exposed teeth roots 


What Are The Main Causes Of Swollen And Bleeding Gums?

Do you want to prevent the risk of swollen and bleeding gums? Make sure you’re protected from accidents or injury with a mouthguard. Or, a regular hygiene routine such as brushing and flossing twice a day can save your gums from sore, red conditions. The team at this Gordon dental clinic shared what causes swollen and bleeding gums for your mouth’s safety:


Accidents Or Injury

A fracture on your tooth, which causes deep sockets can be a source of bacterial infection. Without emergency treatment from an urgent care clinic, you may experience swollen and bleeding gums for a few minutes. An accident can be a turning point in your life, so if you don’t treat your sore and red gums, you may face many oral health challenges. 


Poor Oral Hygiene

Swollen And Bleeding Gums

Do you skip brushing, flossing, or rinsing with mouthwash at night? Perhaps, you already know why you are clenching your gums too often. Hopefully, you don’t have severe gingivitis yet. Ensure that you brush in a circular motion or on a 45 – degree angle to prevent the gums from becoming sore from your improper routine. According to dentists, it is also better to use soft bristles toothbrush and gentle strokes. 



Cavities and tooth decay are not the only warning signs for gums that swell or bleed. If you recognize further redness or darker color in your soft tissue, you may be experiencing gingivitis. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease resulting from a plaque on the gum line and further dental caries. Untreated gum diseases can also affect your heart, kidneys, liver, and even your brain. 



The severe form of inflammation may lead to a disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis tends to not only make your gums swollen and bleeding. An infection in the bone that supports your teeth and gums is highly risky. You may even experience the spread of periodontitis that can make your gums recede, have more teeth falling, and ultimately lose most of your permanent teeth. 



Women are also susceptible to swollen and bleeding gums due to their hormones. According to OB-GYN doctors, estrogen and progesterone changes are chief pregnancy hormones present during the first to the third trimester. These hormones can also influence menstrual periods, cramps, and even bleeding or swelling gums. The reason being, the hormones can promote more blood flow in a woman’s mouth, leading to higher risks of bacteria entering the bloodstream.


Which Doctor Treats Gum Disease?

Swollen And Bleeding Gums Periodontist

Did you visit the local dental clinic to prevent your gingivitis from becoming worse? A general dentist may not be the right specialist to treat your gums. But, you can ask dentistry specialists to offer services that can treat gum inflammation, redness, swelling, and bleeding right away. A periodontist is a dental specialist with years of practice to rejuvenate swollen and bleeding gums with different surgical and noninvasive procedures. Furthermore, you may also ask an endodontist if the infection in gums affect your tooth’s pulp. A periodontist will ask your current medical condition and habits, so please don’t hide what your daily routine is to have proper gums treatment. 


How Do You Treat Gingivitis?

A sore mouth from painful and sensitive teeth can be caused by periodontal Despite the many reasons to have swollen and bleeding gums, let’s focus on gingivitis for this article. Treating gingivitis can significantly save your swollen and bleeding gums. However, these treatments are not exclusive for one session remedies. Particularly, worst-case scenarios for children may have other canker sores. Nevertheless, it is best to take action as soon as possible for the pain to go away. Also, conditions for gum treatment either be invasive (surgical) or noninvasive (rejuvenation). 


  • Scaling And Root Planing 

Scaling and root planing are the first procedures that a dentist can do to remove the hard substances on your teeth’ surface. The hardened calculus is removed through deep cleaning or scaling, followed by root planing to smoothen the surface of your teeth. Although the sores can be painful, your gums’ results may look as if you didn’t have a gum problem at all. 


  • Via Gum Rejuvenation

Pinhole surgery technique is often seen as an invasive procedure to treat gums. But, modern dentistry allows many dentists to perform grafting tissues and healing gums with lasers. Nowadays, you can see advanced developments in dentistry to support your gums. Often, gum rejuvenation is also recognized as a cosmetic dental procedure and helps people with gummy smiles or lack of tissue in their gums. 


  • Gum Flap Surgery

Swollen And Bleeding Gums Treating Gingivitis

Children may not have a gum flap surgery due to how their gums are still weak. On the contrary, if you are an adult or senior, it is best to ask your periodontist if you qualify for the treatment. A periodontist may offer medical and dental surgery if the red gums continue. The gum flap is an invasive surgical procedure best done only for those with no other options left to save their gums. Before having gum flap surgery, make sure that you have health insurance to save on the costs. You don’t want to go back to a clinic for further dental complications.


  • Through Antibacterial (Antibiotic) Medication

Medicine is commonly administered for newly treated gums to maintain the antibacterial process at home. A doctor can suggest their patients prevent recurring swelling or to bleed with particular prescription medication. On the other hand, other patients may try home remedies such as ice packs, gauze, turmeric paste, quitting smoking habits, or even applying tea bags on the gum. Although these items can help, they can’t cure severe periodontitis or gingivitis.  Above all, it is best to consult a dental doctor to avoid further complications.